WEEDOO Scanning For the Syrian Media Outlets: Oct 2015 – Sep 2016:

WEEDOO’s monitoring team conducted a geographical the web survey of 600 Syrian media outlets from October 2015 to September 2016.

Our survey identified 405 Syrian media outlets publishing on the web, as well as 262 News website and 67 radio broadcasters. The diagram below presents the categorized type of media outlets included in our study:

Geographical areas in which opposition media institutions are not capable of public activity in include the areas of regime control, those under the control of the nationalist Kurdish militias, and areas controlled by the Islamic State organization (IS).

Restrictions on media work are also present in areas under opposition control, in the countryside of Latakia and Hama, in Aleppo and its countryside, Idlib and its countryside as well as Damascus countryside and the southern provinces.

Continuous shelling by regime forces, the systematic targeting of journalists’ locations and media centers, as well as the tightening security grip imposed by armed groups are among the most prominent reasons for the suffocation of media work in opposition-held areas.

Less than 10 agencies enjoy the freedom of work and have office headquarters, while the remaining others are getting by with impromptu media offices or broadcasting centers, or via decentralized networks of correspondents scattered around, sometimes unprofessionally and unofficially.

On the other hand, outlets spreading the regime’s propaganda are not able to work in opposition-controlled areas.

In addition, in what is known as the “Democratic Self Administration of Rojava” in the areas of northern Syria controlled by the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), an apparatus of militias imposes a monopoly on public work in the areas it controls, and is extremely restrictive in issuing permits to journalists. As a result, only a few websites are in operation – most of which follow the PYD Self Administration’s line. It is also well known, that no journalists are able to work independently in areas under the control of the Islamic State organization.

Our Team also identified 5 media outlets active in the Syrian occupied Golan heights; including 4 websites and one internet radio.

Below is a graphical diagram of geographical areas where, absent an active conflict, media outlets are allowed to operate freely:

We have categorized media outlets by ownership, which varied from the government of the Syrian regime; private commercial companies; non-profit organizations; political parties and militias.

Media outlets are distinguished by content type:

most Syrian websites restrict their production to Arabic language, which means they are specifically targeting an Arab audience.

To lesser extent, some Syrian websites publish in both Kurdish and English, then Turkish, French and Russian, as shown by the diagram below:

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